These times are produced by the LONDON BETH DIN and are the official times for LONDON.

Please note they are for London ONLY.

Explanation of tables

The tables on this web site are arranged by civil month with an index listing the dates for each month. Where an event falls partly in two months, the times are shown in both months.

The listing gives the name of the Shabbat, Chag or Ta'anit with the Civil date and time for its commencement followed by the Civil date and time for its termination.

GMT (Greenwhich Mean Time) lasts from end-October to end-March and BST (British Summer Time), GMT+1, lasts from end-March to end-October. The clock is changed in the early hours of a sunday morning, usually the last in the month (very ocassionally the weekend chosen has coincided with Pesach or Shemini Atzeret/Simchat Torah).Times used on these web pages display the correct local clock.

Note: the actual days for moving the clock are not always confirmed till the year before, in those cases the expected date has been used and if a different weekend is chosen, the times will be adjusted accordingly.

During the summer many communities bring Shabbat in earlier, ususally around 8pm or earlier. In those circumstances candles should be lit at the earlier local time.


The Halachic times for London - which determine the beginning and end of Shabbat, Chagim/Yom Tov (festivals) and Ta'anniot (fasts) - were first set out by Haham David Nieto, spiritual head of the Sephardi community, 1702-1728.

At that period London Jewry lived in the City and East End. The times which are now used take account of the population movement of London Jewry since then.

Historic episode

A historical episode illustrates the importance of a fixed shared time.

For over two centuries there was a custom for the shamash (beadle) of Bevis Marks Synagogue (Sephardi) to go each Friday between Mincha (afternoon service) and Ma'ariv (evening service) with an escort to the nearby Great Synagogue (Ashkenazi and forerunner of the United Synagogue).

On arrival he was greeted solemnly by his counterpart and after presenting the compliments of the 'older' community would inform the 'younger' community what time Shabbat would commence the following week.

Whilsta neccessity in the early days, this tradition nevertheless continued until the 20th century long after the availabilty of printed calendars, giving information for a whole year in advance.

from the 'History of the Great Synagogue' - Cecil Roth

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Times are added in the summer for the following year.

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